Our Projects - Наші проекти

Completed national and international research projects over the last 10 years, the role in the projects

During the years 1991-2012 Soil Geoecophysics Laboratory took part in the implementation of 20 international research projects. Laboratory found support of such foreign funds and other sources: INTAS and INCO-COPERNICUS (EU), U.S. Civilian Research and Development Foundation for the Independent States of the Former Soviet Union (CRDF), Open Society Institute (Prague and Budapest), American Society of Agricultural Engineers (ASAE), German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD), Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), International Soil Reference and Information Centre, the Netherlands (ISRIC), International Institute for Applied  Systems Analysis, Laxenburg, Austria (IIASA), Research  Support Scheme (Prague),  T. Kosciuszko Fund (Polish Academy of Sciences), Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (German),  Ministry of Defense France. In addition, grants of private funds were obtained – Funds of Charles Léopold Mayer and George Soros.

Soil data from Ukraine
Tatyana Laktionova, Vitaly Medvedev, Oksana Bigun, Svetlana Nakis’ko, Konstantin Savchenko, Sergey Sheyko

National Scientific Centre "O.Sokolovskiy Institute for Soil Sciense and Agrochemistry Research", Chaikovska str.,№4, Kharkiv, Ukraine 61024

The dataset was compiled in the database «Ukrainian Soil Properties», created in Laboratory SoilGeoeсophysiсs of National Scientific Center «Institute for Soil Science and Agrochemistry Research named after O.N. Sokolovsky». The database includes original measurement results in 9 spreadsheets containing the information about profile distribution of soil properties from more, than 2000 profiles. The sources of the information are materials of soil expeditions of laboratory for research purposes in territory of Ukraine during 1960-2010, results of different scientific works and other published data. The starting page of a database is depicted in Figure 24.1. The DB is used for own researches of laboratory, including creation of maps (http://nscissargislab.webs.com/ourpublications.htm ), and also repeatedly participated in the national and international projects (including SOVEUR).
In the late 90's laboratory has started active work to create database of Ukrainian soil properties, which now has over 2000 soil profiles and is a tool for estimation of soil quality in the country and separate regions. With the use of database and GIS laboratory has created a map electronic atlas of soil properties in Ukraine, has prepared several maps for the National Atlas of Ukraine (www.igna.org.ua), participated in the creation of the Soil Atlas of Europe (European Soil Bureau Network European Commission, 2005), as well as in several international projects, including estimation of soil degradation (SOVEUR, 1999-2001) and in the creation of the joint database of soil resources of Russia, Ukraine and Belarus (2011-2012).

-. Coupled Preferential Water Flow and Leaching of Fertilizers from Agricultural Irrigated Land – Evaluation at the Different European Soil Conditions. 2001-2004.

Coordinator: Ministry of Agriculture, Nature Management and Fisheries, the Netherlands.

The project aims are the next: to investigate experimentally and theoretically by the means of numerical simulation the mechanisms of preferential water flow in soil with heterogeneous pore space structure. The experimental studies have been carrying out by different teams on four types of irrigated soils: on chernozem in Ukraine near Kharkiv, on sirtisoil in Russia near Saratov, on brunisoil in Russia near Rostov Don, in solontchak in Uzbekistan near Tashkent.

The expected results will be important for understanding and parametrizing the preferential water flow process in soil with heterogeneous pore space structure. The expected outcomes of the validated models are numerous. In particular, the results can be used to assess the risk of impact to subsurface water, obtain the soil unsaturated hydraulic parameters by indirect method using soil physical properties.

Contract №: ERBIC15-CT98-0125 (DG12-CDPE) (Members)

-. Experience with the impact of subsoil compaction on soil nutrition, crop growth and environment and ways to prevent subsoil compaction. 1999-2002 

The aim was to analyze and summarize aspects of overconsolidation of arable soils in Europe and creation of a complete information system. To research were attracted almost all the countries of the center and east of Europe.

The project was a continuation of similar works, that had performed previously in Western European countries. As a result, unique information is gained. It  is set out in 3 international collections, which published more than 10 articles of our laboratory staff [5-10,19 et al.]
 It was created as a general summary database in the format of ACCES, as published in Internet.
INTAS, GOCE-CT-2004-505582.

-. Knowledge Assessment and Sharing on Sustainable Agriculture. (KASSA)
2004-2006 FP6-SUSTDEV  (Member)
A unique database of more than 350 publications describing the experiments, field experiments, developing technology of soil conservation types of tillage in different environmental, economic, social and demographic conditions. Database hosted on the Internet.

The influence of minimum technology on environmental, agronomic and economic parameters is indicated, prospects for their implementation in Europe, including in Ukraine, where for various reasons the development of new technologies is delayed. It is processed prospects "where", "how" and "why" minimum technology including in Ukraine should be applied.

U.S. Civilian Research and Development Foundation for the Independent States of the Former Soviet Union (CRDF)
Contract №: #UK-G2-2608-KH-04 (Principal investigator)

-. Real-time Technology for Direct in-situ Measurement of Soil Fertility Parameters for Spatial Data Bases to Support Precision Agriculture. 2004-2006
Co-researcher - prof. John Eddy Morrison, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, USA.

The purpose of research – creation of mobile unit field device to measure directly in the field of basic parameters of soil properties (agrophysical, physico-chemical and agrochemical) and create on a mobile computer database, on which you can get detailed large-scale maps and plan activities with soil tillage and fertilizer- and chemical meliorants application accordance with variegated diversity of soil properties within a field.

Equipment for preparing a hole for immersion of the agrochemical module

CONTRACT No 516731 (Member)

-. Sustainable waste water reuse technologies for irrigated land in NIS and southern European states. WATER REUSE. 2005-2010.

Aim - to study the influence of waste water, which are most widely used in Ukraine, on soil properties, plants quality and crops yield, and also on quality of soil waters.

Main results:

1. The socio-economic and legality aspects of waste water use in region  (from literary and other sources) have been described;

2. Field researches and laboratory analyses have been executed: 
- chemical composition, irrigation and sanitary rating of  waste water;
- chemical composition  of groundwater if it lie closer 5 m  on soil surface, their  sanitary rating and influence on physical-chemical soil properties;
- the influence of irrigation by waste water on physical-chemical, physical, agrochemical, microbiological and sanitary–ecotoxicological soil properties, water-salt, water-air, food  and  other soil modes;
- the influence of irrigation by waste water on forage crops yield and agricultural products quality.

   The research work will be carried out in experiments of two types - stationary field on irrigated plot and in specially incorporated modeling micro plot (2x2 m) one. In both experiments apply the waste water most widely used for these purposes in region.

Ukrainian Fond of Fundamental Researches
(State Agency on Science, Innovations and Informatization of Ukraine)

-. The development of a joint database of soil resources of Russia, Ukraine and Belorussia. 2011-2012. (Leader in Ukraine)

A sample of single database of soil resources is created as a result of joint scientist work of the three countries. Each country gave to the newly created database a part of their data with the same set of attribute specifications. The new database is in online mode and can serve as a tool for collaboration of soil scientists on common methodological principles.
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